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Abstract painting is born as a reaction to figurative painting, and can be understood as an independent artistic phenomenon from what is known as modern art.
This current arises between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and its influence continues until today.
Historically, abstract art has been shaped by various trends and styles under the umbrella of numerous definitions, among which we find the kinetic abstraction (kinetic art), abstract surrealism, informality (abstract expressionism, constructive abstraction, tachism, painting matéric , action painting), the postpictóric abstraction (minimalism, color field, hard edge), Dutch constructivism, concreteness, chromatic abstraction (sincromism), Lyrical Abstraction, synthetic abstraction, analytical abstraction, geometric abstraction (abstract cubism -orfism, rayonism-, Suprematism, Soviet constructivism, or Dutch -neoplasticism Constructivism, De Stijl- concretism), which are the most representative.
Abstract painting can be considered as a large field that includes any movement derived from the figurative and non-figurative abstraction.
Some of the most prominent names in the field of abstract painting have been Kandinsky, Arthur Dove, Morgan Russell, Kasimir Malevich, Mondrian and Van Doesburg, artists who have defined and marked some of the aforementioned currents.