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The story of bronze has its beginnings in the development of tools and weapons, until it was superseded by iron, which is a stronger material for such purposes, and its use was confined to the production of jewels and decorative objects such as sculptures.
Subsequently, cultures around the world started using bronze with decorative purposes. Greece, Rome, China and several Latin American cultures have left rests that shows their ability to create metal figures large and small as well as jewels that were frequently used as status symbols..
Today, bronze is the material most commonly used when it comes to creating sculptures designed for public spaces, as some of the 'Peines del Viento' by Chillida. Thanks to its versatility, it has been used to create everything from large monuments to small figurines. The latter have enjoyed great success in the world of private collectors.
There are various techniques to create bronze sculptures, but the most popular is undoubtedly the one called 'lost wax', which consists on applying wax on a clay core reinforced by an iron structure. Then the model is covered with soil to withstand the pressure of the metal bath. The result, after a complex process, is a unique work of art, since it will be necessary to break the mold once it has been used.
Another popular technique for making decorative objects in bronze is the embossing, a process mainly used in the jewelry field, which consists in cold modeling with a bronze sheet which is shaped from behind.