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The sculpture, which is the art of shaping a material, has been present in human cultures since prehistoric times. Whether clay, stone wood or bone, the sculptor expresses himself creating volumes and spaces with different materials, as in the case of the constructivism or assemblage artistic currents.
Throughout history, humans have used many different materials to make their sculptures, from clay to iron, bronze, lead, wax, or the more modern polyester and other plastic materials.
Among them we can include bone, which has been around since the beginnings of sculpture, being an easy material for modeling. Bone, unlike other elements, has been mainly used for carving small figurative pieces or complex geometries.
The common link that identifies most bone carved works is their richness of detail and complexity, which makes them very popular decorative elements.
In addition, bone carving sculptures were a fundamental part of the artistic culture of peoples inhabiting Asia, Africa and America, as well as for the European culture, as Giorgio Vasari testified (1511-1573) in his book 'Le vite 'più eccellenti pittori, scultori and architettori', which devotes a chapter to this artistic discipline.